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Delayed-onset interface fluid syndrome after LASIK following phacotrabeculectomy

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Authors
Kim, Chung Young; Jung, Young Ho; Lee, Eun Ji; Hyon, Joon Young; Park, Kyu Hyung; Kim, Tae Woo
Issue Date
2019-03-12
Publisher
BioMed Central
Citation
BMC Ophthalmology. 2019 Mar 12;19(1):74
Keywords
Interface fluid syndromeLASIKGlaucomaPhacotrabeculectomy
Abstract
Background
Interface fluid syndrome (IFS) is an unusual complication after laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK). We report the first case of IFS after uncomplicated phacotrabeculectomy in a patient who had undergone LASIK 10 years previously. This case emphasizes the importance of intraocular pressure (IOP) interpretation in eyes that have undergone LASIK.

Case presentation
A 30-year-old woman with a history of LASIK surgery presented to glaucoma clinic due to uncontrolled IOP despite of maximally tolerable medical treatment. After receiving phacotrabeculectomy, IOP decreased to 3 mmHg on the first postoperative day, but again increased up to 21 mmHg and a diffuse corneal edema with cloudy flap interface was demonstrated by slit-lamp microscopy. Corneal edema was sustained even after the IOP was lowered to 14 mmHg. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography scanning of the cornea revealed a diffuse, thin fluid pocket in the corneal interface. After laser lysis of the scleral flap sutures, IOP was further decreased to 9 mmHg and interface fluid was resolved.

Conclusion
IFS should be considered as a possible cause of postoperative corneal edema despite of low IOP in the eyes that underwent LASIK surgery. Additional IOP lowering may be helpful for resolving the corneal edema.
ISSN
1471-2415
Language
English
URI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12886-019-1077-2

https://hdl.handle.net/10371/147202
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Ophthalmology (안과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_안과학전공)
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