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Syrias Global War and Beyond Will the Balance of Power in the Middle East be Restored

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Issue Date
2018-11-03
Publisher
University of Bucharest
Citation
Studia Politica, Romanian Political Science Review, Vol. 18 No.3, pp. 351-392
Keywords
GeopoliticsMiddle Eastperipheral realism theorySyriaUS foreign policy
Abstract
This paper analyses the Syrian conflict since 2011 in the context of the larger Middle East, focusing on local, regional and global actors. The first section highlights some geopolitical and historical factors regarding Syria. The second part outlines post-Cold War US and Israeli strategic debates on Syria and the Middle East. It is argued that US policy in the Syrian conflict since 2011 underlines the continuing significance of US-led regime change agendas as initially associated with the so-called neoconservatives and near unconditional US backing of Israels regional strategic objectives. The third section examines how local conflicts in Syria, since mid-March 2011, became transformed into a lengthy global war over world order during which the US challenged Russias long-standing geopolitical patronage of Syrias political leadership. The interaction between military and political factors and the manner in which the crisis narrative was managed in the Western media system is also sketched. Finally, the fourth section focuses on the theory of peripheral realism and offers a discussion of this theorys concept of state hierarchy applied to the Middle Eastern context. It is suggested that the war in Syria serves to destroy the existing regional state hierarchy and regional states potential capacity for upward mobility in the global state system.
ISSN
1582-4551
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/147330
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Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원)Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_행정학과)
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