S-Space Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원) Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_행정학과)
South Korean Presidential Politics Turns Liberal: Transformative Change or Business as Usual?
- Dostal, Jörg Michael
- Issue Date
- The Political Quarterly Publishing
- The Political Quarterly, Vol. 88, No. 3, pp. 480-491
- constitutional reform ; mperial presidency ; Moon Jae-in ; Park Gyeun-hye ; presidentialism ; South Korea
- The impeachment of President Park Gyeun-hye on 10 March 2017 saw South Korean politics enter a period of crisis. Her removal from office, the result of an unprecedented mass movement of citizen protests, provided a springboard for the subsequent success of the liberal candidate, Moon Jae-in, in the presidential election of 9 May 2017. This article suggests that political change in South Korea is only possible if actors move beyond the politics of personality, and tackle the structural reasons for the policy failures of recent times. Further, if democracy, a humane economic system and responsive political institutions are going to be developed and nourished, the countrys imperial presidency needs to be reformed. In particular, the current winner-takes-all politics, with the presidency as the main locus of power, needs to be reformed in ways that promote a more balanced political system, increasing the influence of other actors and institutions.