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Transnational War in Syria The Eisenhower Doctrine in the 21st Century?

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Issue Date
2016-06-01
Publisher
University of Bucharest
Citation
Studia Politica, Romanian Political Science Review, Vol. 16 No.2, pp. 179-218
Keywords
Bashar al-AssadEisenhower DoctrineGeopoliticsNicholas J. SpykmanUS foreign policySyria
Abstract
This article analyzes the geopolitical interests and strategy of the United States (US) in the Middle East region. The focus is placed on a case study of Syria, a state that has been outside of the US sphere of influence since the mid-1950s. Long term, mid term, and short term factors of US conduct in the region and with regard to Syria are jointly discussed. It is argued that the geopolitical writings of Nicholas J. Spykman inspired the Eisenhower Doctrine of 1957, which suggested that the US should assume the role of single external balancer in the Middle East. This aspiration explains why US policymakers have intervened in the Syrian conflict since March 2011 using regional proxies and covert action. Such intervention points to continuity in US efforts to balance regional powers such as Israel, Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Turkey against each other in order to strengthen the US geopolitical role.
ISSN
1582-4551
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/147336
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Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원)Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_행정학과)
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