Acculturative Stress, Depression, and Quality of Life Among Indonesian Migrant Workers in South Korea : 대한민국 인도네시아 이주 노동자들의 문화적응 스트레스, 우울, 삶의 질

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Choi, Heeseung
간호대학 간호학과
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서울대학교 대학원
학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 간호대학 간호학과, 2019. 2. Choi, Heeseung.
이 횡단적, 상관관계 연구의 목적은 한국에 거주하는 인도네시아 이주 노동자들의 문화적응 스트레스, 우울, 삶의 질 사이의 연관성을 확인하는 것이었다. 대상자는 안산, 영등포, 한양 대학교 안산 캠퍼스에서 모집하였으며, 자료 수집은 2018 년 9 월 1 일부터 9 30 일까지 이루어졌다. Indonesian version of Acculturative Stress Scale, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) 와 Perceived Organizational Support scale를 사용하여 연구 변수들을 측정하였다. SPSS 소프트웨어 프로그램, 버전 22를 사용하여 자료를 분석하였으며, 91 명의 자료가 분석에 사용되었다.
분석 결과, 문화적응 스트레스와 우울 사이에 유의한 양의 상관 관계가 나타 났으며, 문화적응 스트레스와 삶의 질 사이에는 음의 상관 관계가 밝혀졌다. 우울의 정도에 영향을 미치는 중요한 요인은 문화적응 스트레서였으며, 삶의 질 수준에 영향을 미치는 중요한 요소는 사회적지지와 문화적응 스트레스였다.
본 연구는 한국에 거주하는 인도네시아 노동자를 대상으로 이루어진 첫번째 연구이며, 추후 더 다양한 연구들이 필요할 것이다. 이 연구의 결과는 한국의 이주 노동자, 특히 인도네시아 이주 노동자의 정신 건강 서비스 개선에 사용될 수 있을 것이다.

키워드 : 문화적응 스트레스, 우울, 삶의 질, 이주 노동자, 인도네시아인
학생증 : 2016-27018
The purpose of this study was to identify associations among acculturative stress, depression, and quality of life among Indonesian migrant workers living in South Korea.
A cross-sectional, correlational design was used. Data collection were performed from September 1st to September 30th of 2018 and 91 participants were recruited from Ansan, Yeongdeungpo, and Hanyang University Ansan Campus. Acculturative stress was measured by Acculturative Stress Scale developed by Sandhu and Asrabadi, depression was measured by Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) developed by Spitzer, quality of life of migrant workers was measured by WHOQOL-BREF developed by World Health Organization (WHO), individual factors were measured by demographic questionnaire, social support was measured by using Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) developed by Zimet, and organizational support was measured by using Perceived Organizational Support scale by Eisenberger. The data were analyzed by using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) software program, version 22.
A significant positive correlation was shown between acculturative stress and depression and a negative correlation was found between acculturative stress and quality of life. Significant factor influencing the level of depression was acculturative stress. Significant factors influencing the level of quality of life were social support and acculturative stress.
The result from this study can be used to improve better mental health service for migrant workers in South Korea, especially Indonesian migrant workers. Comparing to other studies, the relationship among acculturative stress and depression was inconsistent. Therefore, further studies regarding this issue among migrant workers will be needed.

Keywords: acculturative stress, depression, quality of life, migrant workers, Indonesian
Student ID: 2016-27018
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College of Nursing (간호대학)Dept. of Nursing (간호학과)Theses (Master's Degree_간호학과)
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