S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Ophthalmology (안과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_안과학전공)
Characteristic ocular findings in patients with craniofacial cleft
- Kim, Sukwha; Hwang, Jeong-Min
- Issue Date
- Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2005 May;243(5):490-2. Epub 2004 Dec 11.
- Adolescent; Amblyopia/*complications/diagnosis/therapy; Child, Preschool; Craniofacial Abnormalities/*complications/diagnosis; Esotropia/*complications/diagnosis/therapy; Exotropia/*complications/diagnosis/therapy; Eyeglasses; Female; Humans; Male; Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures; Sensory Deprivation
- PURPOSE: To identify the characteristic ocular findings in patients with craniofacial cleft (CFC). METHODS: Ophthalmologic examination was performed for a 16-year-old girl with no. 3 CFC and a 3-year-old boy with no. 5 CFC. RESULTS: Exotropia was found in the 3-year-old boy with no. 5 CFC involving the lateral orbit, and esotropia in the 16-year-old girl with craniofacial cleft no. 3 involving the medial orbit. Hypotropia, lower eyelid coloboma, amblyopia and an absence of stereopsis were common to both patients. Visual acuity was improved from hand motion to 20/30 by means of occlusion therapy for amblyopia in the 3-year-old boy. Strabismus surgery resulted in exophoria of 8 prism diopters (PD) in the 3-year-old boy and left esotropia of 8 PD in the 16-year-old girl. CONCLUSIONS: Amblyopia, hypotropia, esotropia (no. 3) and exotropia (no. 5) should be verified in cases of CFC nos. 3 and 5. Ophthalmologic examination and early intervention for amblyopia may be mandatory for patients with CFC involving the orbit.
- 0721-832X (Print)
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