S-Space Researcher Institutes (연구소, 연구원) Institute for Peace and Unification Studies (통일평화연구원) Asian Journal of Peacebuilding Asian Journal of Peacebuilding vol.07 no.01-02 (2019)
Historical Background of Nuclear Waste Policy Formation in Finland and Comparison with (West) Germany
- Sato, Nagako
- Issue Date
- Asian Journal of Peacebuilding, Vol.7 No.1, pp. 73-87
- In 2001, the Finnish Parliament approved the plan for a high-level nuclear waste (HLW) repository in Finland, the first move of its kind worldwide. This article analyzes the historical background of radioactive waste policy formation in Finland, comparing it to that of (West) Germany in the Cold War context and after. Military ambitions and non-proliferation, political culture and civil society, and energy policy are considered. In Germany, reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel (SNF), which could make nuclear armament possible, was pursued until 1989 and often spurred opposition movements. Finland, in contrast, renounced reprocessing around 1980. In addition, there was a notable absence of a strong nationwide anti-nuclear movement in Finland against the backdrop of the Cold War.
- 2288-2693 (print)