S-Space College of Natural Sciences (자연과학대학) Program in Bioinformatics (협동과정-생물정보학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_협동과정-생물정보학전공)
BALLI: Bartlett-adjusted likelihood-based linear model approach for identifying differentially expressed genes with RNA-seq data
- Park, Kyungtaek; An, Jaehoon; Gim, Jungsoo; Seo, Minseok; Lee, Woojoo; Park, Taesung; Won, Sungho
- Issue Date
- BioMed Central
- BMC Genomics. 2019 Jul 02;20(1):540
Transcriptomic profiles can improve our understanding of the phenotypic molecular basis of biological research, and many statistical methods have been proposed to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) under two or more conditions with RNA-seq data. However, statistical analyses with RNA-seq data are often limited by small sample sizes, and global variance estimates of RNA expression levels have been utilized as prior distributions for gene-specific variance estimates, making it difficult to generalize the methods to more complicated settings. We herein proposed a Bartlett-Adjusted Likelihood-based LInear mixed model approach (BALLI) to analyze more complicated RNA-seq data. The proposed method estimates the technical and biological variances with a linear mixed-effects model, with and without adjusting small sample bias using Bartlkett’s corrections.
We conducted extensive simulations to compare the performance of BALLI with those of existing approaches (edgeR, DESeq2, and voom). Results from the simulation studies showed that BALLI correctly controlled the type-1 error rates at various nominal significance levels and produced better statistical power and precision estimates than those of other competing methods in various scenarios. Furthermore, BALLI was robust to variation of library size. It was also successfully applied to Holstein milk yield data, illustrating its practical value.
BALLI is statistically more efficient and valid than existing methods, and we conclude that it is useful for identifying DEGs in RNA-seq analysis.