S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Religious Studies (종교학과) 종교학연구(Journal of Religious Studies) 종교학연구(Journal of Religious Studies) 35집(2017)
조선시대 여묘(廬墓)의 지속과 그 근거
Historical and Cultural Reasons Behind the Continuation of the Yŏmyo Practice During the Chosŏn Period
- Issue Date
- 종교학연구, Vol.35, pp. 21-45
- 조선시대; 여묘(廬墓); 유교적 질서; 효(孝); 체백(體魄); 신혼(神魂); 사자(死者); 민속; Yomyo; Chu His`s Book of Family Ritual; Choson period; Filial piety; the dead; the body; the soul; folklore
- This article examines the reasons behind the continuation of the practice of Yŏmyo during the Chosŏn period, when Chu Hsis Book of Family Ritual was regarded as an ideal model. In Chapter 2, I argue that the late Koryõ and early Chosŏn periods historical background is one of the reasons. During the late Koryõ and early Chosŏn period, Yŏmyo was considered the representation of a new Confucian order, as well as the means for its establishment. Due to this, Yŏmyo spread rapidly during the Chosŏn period.
However, Yŏmyo as a practice based on a new Confucian order during Chosŏn would not last long. In Chapter 3, I examine Confucius discourse, which allowed the practice of Yŏmyo despite being aware of Yŏmyo as a non-ritual (非禮). This is because Chu Hsis Book of Family Ritual was not considered the absolute value; rather, filial piety towards parents was privileged as the highest goal.
In Chapters 2-3 I focus on Confucian discourse, whereas in Chapter 4 I uncover its hidden orientation. During the middle of the Chosŏn period, even though Confucians emphasized only the soul of the dead according to Chu Hsis Book of Family Ritual, The records of Collection of Unofficial Histories by Yu Mongin, practicing the extra-yŏje and meeting the dead near their graves, reveal that people in the Chosŏn period were not free from the notion of imagining the dead through the physical body. Based on this finding, I insist that the dispersed notion of imagining the dead through the dead body was one of the reasons behind the continuation of the Yŏmyo practice during this historical period.