Interactions between subjective memory complaint and objective cognitive deficit on memory performances
- Park, Soowon; Lee, Ji-Hye; Lee, Jiyeon; Cho, Youngsung; Park, Hyun Gyu; Yoo, Yongjoon; Youn, Jung-Hae; Ryu, Seung-Ho; Hwang, Jae Yeon; Kim, Jeongsim; Lee, Jun-Young
- Issue Date
- BMC Geriatrics, 19(1):294
Subjective memory complaint (SMCs) is a common trait amongst older population. The subjective cognition about their memory could depend on objective cognition. The aim of the current study was to examine the interaction between subjective memory cognition (i.e., SMC) and objective cognition on cognitive functions in participants from older generation.
A total of 219 patients, 181 normal control (NC) patients and 38 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), were examined through standardized and comprehensive clinical evaluation and neuropsychological assessment. The Subjective Memory Complaints Questionnaire was used to assess SMCs along with five cognitive tasks were used to evaluate cognitive decline over following areas: verbal memory, visuospatial memory, attention, fluency, and language.
The results of 2 × 2 two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that there were significant interactions between SMCs and cognitive status (NC, MCI) on memory performances. NC with SMCs showed significantly lower performance in verbal memory and visuospatial memory compared to NCs without SMCs. Conversely, no effect was observed in the MCI group.
There are interactions between subjective cognition (i.e., SMC) and objective cognition (i.e., cognitive status) on memory performances in older adults. The roles of SMCs on memory performances should be interpreted with older adults objective cognitive status.