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Prediction of survival in terminally ill cancer patients at the time of terminal cancer diagnosis

Cited 9 time in Web of Science Cited 10 time in Scopus
Authors
Kim, Yu Jung; Kim, Su-Jung; Lee, June Koo; Choi, Won-Suk; Park, Jin Hyun; Kim, Hee Jun; Sim, Sung Hoon; Lee, Keun-Wook; Lee, Se-Hoon; Kim, Jee Hyun; Kim, Dong-Wan; Lee, Jong Seok; Bang, Yung-Jue; Heo, Dae Seog
Issue Date
2014-09
Citation
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology, Vol.140 No.9, pp.1567-1574
Keywords
Terminally illTerminal cancerPrognosisPredictionSurvival
Abstract
We aimed to investigate the prognostic factors that can predict terminal stage survival (TSS) at the time of terminal cancer diagnosis. We prospectively evaluated 141 patients immediately after the diagnosis of terminal cancer by their attending oncologists. A total of 32 factors, including performance status, clinical prediction of survival, time to terminal cancer (TTC), clinical symptoms, signs, and laboratory tests including the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), were analyzed. TSS was defined as the time from the diagnosis of terminal cancer to death. The mean age of the 141 patients studied was 58.7 years, and 53 were female (38 %). The median TSS was 1.7 months (95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.43-1.97). In the univariate analyses, the TSS was significantly associated with 16 of the 32 factors tested. In the multivariate analysis, a lower Karnofsky performance status (KPS), a shorter TTC (< 24 months), a high NLR (a parts per thousand yen5), and a high C-reactive protein (CRP) level (a parts per thousand yen10 mg/dL) were independently associated with a poorer prognosis. A scoring system (scale, 0-6) developed based on the multivariate analysis could be used to classify terminal cancer patients into better (0-2 points; TSS 3.9 months), intermediate (3-4 points; TSS 1.7 months), or worse (5-6 points; TSS 0.9 month, P < 0.001) prognosis. The median TSS after the diagnosis of terminal cancer in advanced cancer patients was 1.7 months. The scoring system using KPS, TTC, NLR, and CRP could predict TSS in these patients.
ISSN
0171-5216
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/165396
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00432-014-1688-1
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Internal Medicine (내과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
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