A Phase II Study of Ifosfamide, Methotrexate, Etoposide, and Prednisolone for Previously Untreated Stage I/II Extranodal Natural Killer/T-Cell Lymphoma, Nasal Type: A Multicenter Trial of the Korean Cancer Study Group

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Kim, Tae Min; Kim, Dong-Wan; Kang, Yoon-Koo; Chung, Jooseop; Song, Hong-Suk; Kim, Hyo Jung; Kim, Byung Soo; Lee, Jong-Seok; Kim, Hawk; Yang, Sung Hyun; Yuh, Young Jin; Bae, Sung Hwa; Hyun, Myung Soo; Jeon, Yoon Kyung; Kim, Chul Woo; Heo, Dae Seog

Issue Date
AlphaMed Press Inc
Oncologist, Vol.19 No.11, pp.1129-1130
Background. Combination chemotherapy consisting of ifosfamide, methotrexate, etoposide, and prednisolone (IMEP) was active as first-line and second-line treatment for extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NTCL). Methods. Forty-four patients with chemo-naive stage I/IINTCL were enrolled in a prospective, multicenter, phase II study and received six cycles of IMEP (ifosfamide 1.5 g/m(2) on days 1-3; methotrextate 30 mg/m(2) on days 3 and 10; etoposide 100 mg/m(2) on days 1-3; and prednisolone 60 mg/m(2) per day on days 1-5) followed by involved field radiotherapy (IFRT). Results. Overall response rates were 73% (complete remission [CR] in 11 of 41 evaluable patients [27%]) after IMEP chemotherapy and 78% (CR 18 of 27 evaluable patients [67%]) after IMEP followed by IFRT. Neutropenia and thrombocytopenia were documented in 33 patients (75%) and 7 patients (16%), respectively. Only 8 patients (18%) experienced febrile neutropenia. Three-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 66% and 56%, respectively. High Ki-67 (>= 70%) and Ann Arbor stage II independently reduced PFS (p= 5.004) and OS (p =5.001), respectively. Conclusion. Due to the high rate of progression during IMEP chemotherapy, IFRT needs to be introduced earlier. Moreover, active chemotherapy including an L-asparaginase-based regimen should be use to reduce systemic treatment failure in stage I/II NTCL.
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Medicine (의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_의학과)
College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Biomedical Engineering (의공학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_의공학전공)
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