Detailed Information

Clinical Implications of VEGF, TGF-beta 1, and IL-1 beta in Patients with Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

Cited 46 time in Web of Science Cited 47 time in Scopus

Kim, Ji-Won; Koh, Youngil; Kim, Dong-Wan; Ahn, Yong-Oon; Kim, Tae Min; Han, Sae-Won; Oh, Do-Youn; Lee, Se-Hoon; Im, Seock-Ah; Kim, Tae-You; Heo, Dae Seog; Bang, Yung-Jue

Issue Date
Cancer Research and Treatment, Vol.45 No.4, pp.325-333
Purpose Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, VEGF(165)b, interleukin (IL)-1 beta, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1 are known to influence tumor angiogenesis. Clinical implications of these cytokines need to be elucidated. Materials and Methods Using clinical data and baseline serum samples of 140 consecutive patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer who received platinum-based combination chemotherapy, we investigated the association among serum cytokine levels, treatment outcomes, as well as leukocyte and platelet counts. Results The median age of patients was 64 years (range, 26 to 86 years). The male to female ratio was 104:36. High TGF-beta 1 and IL-1 beta levels were associated with shorter progression-free survival, and high VEGF-A and IL-1 beta levels were associated with shorter overall survival in the univariate analysis. VEGF(165)b was not related to the treatment outcomes. Leukocytosis and thrombocytosis were associated with shorter overall survival. The multivariate analysis demonstrated that VEGF-A, IL-1 beta, and leukocytosis were significant prognostic factors (p=0.0497, p=0.047, and p<0.001, respectively). Leukocytosis was not associated with recent pneumonia (p=0.937) and correlated with VEGF-A (p<0.001) and TGF-beta 1 (p=0.020) levels. Conclusion Serum VEGF-A, TGF-1 beta, and IL-1 beta levels, in addition to leukocyte and platelet counts, are shown to be associated with clinical outcomes. Leukocyte and platelet counts are correlated with serum VEGF-A and TGF-beta 1 levels.
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Appears in Collections:

Related Researcher

  • College of Medicine
  • Department of Medicine
Research Area Clinical Medicine


Item View & Download Count

  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.