S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.77/80(2017)
청대 고전문헌 교감이론의 현재적 의미
The Present Meaning of Textual Criticism in Qing Dynasty
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.78, pp. 3-27
- 교감이론; 중국 고전문헌; 목판본; 필사본; 원시텍스트; 호적; textual criticism theory; Chinese classics; wood block printing; manuscript; prototext; Hu Shi
- 이 논문은 2016년 1월 6일 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원에서 진행된 인문한국사업단 제 27회 HK워크숍 "동아시아 문헌학과 문헌학자"에서 발표한 내용을 수정∙보완한 것이며, 이후 작성된 필자의 박사학위논문(김효신, 2017 『段顧論爭과 淸代 校勘理論의 형성 연구』, 서울대학교 박사학위논문)의 내용과 많은 부분 중복되어 있음을 밝힌다.
- Since Hu Shi’s “the Methodology of textual criticism: a Preface to the Revision Examples in Yuandianzhang”, the textual criticism theory in Qing Dynasty have been regarded as a unscientific methodology. Hu Shi criticized severely the textual criticism theory because it had depended excessively on inference without substantiative proofs and made the Chinese Classics more confused as a result.
But such a assessment about the textual criticism theory in Qing Dynasty missed core issues of the theory. First of all, it did not consider the historical transmission of Chinese Classics sufficiently. The textual criticism theory in Qing Dynasty tried to pass over boundary of substantiative proofs, which were wood block printings in Chinese cultural ground. Generally speaking, Hu Shi’s successors lay emphasis on wood block printings, but the scholars in Qing Dynasty aimed the reconstruction of the manuscript version or the prototext of the Classics.
The aim of this paper is to comprehend the awareness of Qing scholars and to understand the meaning of “inferential theory of textual criticism”, for it can be considered as a way to reconstruct the prototext of Chinese Classis especially in Chinese cultural condition. According to wood block printing’s ascendance for thousand years, earlier textual versions of classic such as manuscript or oral transmission had nearly disappeared in China.
In this paper, I approach the textual criticism theory in Qing Dynasty from historical perspective of the transmission of Chineses Classics. For this, I chase the formating process of existing assessment on the textual criticism theory first, and after then try to reconstruct the Qing scholars’ point of view.