S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.81-84(2018)
19세기 『학봉종가 한글편지』에 나타난 질병 관련 어휘에 관한 고찰 : A Study on the disease-related vocabulary in Hakbongjongga Hangeul letters of the 19th century
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.82, pp. 113-140
- 학봉종가 한글편지 ; 19세기 ; 어휘사 ; 생활사 ; 한자어 ; 방언형 ; 종두 ; 인두법 ; Hakbongjongga Hangeul letters ; the 19th century ; disease-related vocabulary ; lexical history ; life hisory ; Sino-Korean words ; dialect forms ; variolation ; 人痘法
- This paper aims to examine the disease-related vocabulary of Hakbongjongga Hangeul letters in the 19th century, and identify its characteristics in terms of lexical history and life history. Hakbongjongga Hangeul letters shows regional and colloquial features as well as typical features of the 19th century language. It is also an important resource in the study of life history because it shows various daily lives.
In terms of the study on lexical history, the disease-related vocabulary of Hakbongjongga Hangeul letters shows a strong tendency to use Sino-Korean words rather than Native Korean words. As the replacement of Native Korean words with Sino-Korean words is a general change from Medieval Korean to Modern Korean, we can see that the disease-related vocabulary of the 19th century also followed that main stream. In addition, Hakbongjongga Hangeul letters shows dialect forms for some disease words, which cannot be found in other literal materials.
In terms of the study on life history, through the words pi-u(피우) and jongdu(죵두), it can be examined for ways to prevent infectious diseases in the first half of the 19th century, in North Gyeongsang Province. The word 피우 shows that there was a custom to evacuate people to another area to prevent the epidemic, especially smallpox and measles. In addition, the word 죵두 shows that it was common to get inoculation against smallpox at that time. However, it should be noted that the inoculation was variolation(人痘法), an old method of immunizing individuals against smallpox by infecting them with substance from patients.