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고종비 명성왕후/황후 장례절차의 정체성
Nature of the Funeral Proceedings for King Gojong’s Wife Empress Myeongseong

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Authors
이현진
Issue Date
2019-03
Publisher
서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
Citation
한국문화, Vol.85, pp. 239-276
Keywords
明成皇后國葬俄館播遷大韓帝國變禮祔謁禮練祭祥祭Empress MyeongseongDynastic FuneralKing’s Refuge in the Russian EmbassyDaehan EmpireModified protocolsGu’wu九虞Bu’al-rye servicea ritual of paying respect to past kings and queens before newly enshrining the tablet of a recently deceased royal figure in the dynastic shrineYeonje serviceSangje service
Abstract
Emperor Gojong’s wife, Empress Myeongseong, was assassinated by the Japanese in 1895, so her demise was an entirely different from those of the other Joseon queens. It was simply not possible to observe for her the usual funeral procedures [Hyung’rye(凶禮)] as dictated in the Joseon dynastic codes. The funeral for her was inevitably put on hold as King Gojong was forced to seek refuge in the Russian Embassy [Agwan Pacheon(俄館播遷)], and it was even more delayed with Gojong’s declaration of the Daehan Empire’s foundation. And as if that was not enough, codes had to be modified[Byeon’rye(變禮)] for her eventual funeral, and preparations became more complicated when the funeral had to be designed to honor her as an Empress and not a mere Queen.
The most distinctive aspect of the funeral for Empress Myeongseong was that it featured elements of both a funeral for a wife of a regional lord, and a funeral for a wife of an Emperor. But at the same time, it also maintained the basic parameters of an ordinary funeral for a Queen. During the “Wuje” stage, held was a “Gu’wu-je(九虞祭)” service which had usually been part of a funeral for an Empress, but other ceremonies that accompanied it, such as the Bu’al-rye(祔謁禮), Yeonje(練祭) and Sangje(祥祭) ceremonies, were not. Bu’al-rye was usually observed in funerals for ordinary Sa/Daebu[大夫士], and references consulted for the Yeonje and Sangje ceremonies were from books about Sa/Daebu funerals.
ISSN
1226-8356
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/168169
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Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원)Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.85/88(2019)
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