S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.85/88(2019)
시데하라 다이라[幣原坦]의 『韓國政爭志』와 조선시대 정치사
Shidehara Taira’s History of Korean Political Strife and the Political History of Joseon
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.85, pp. 277-305
- 시데하라 다이라; 한국정쟁지; 당쟁; 당파성론; 붕당정치론; 근대 역사학; 식민사학; Shidehara Taira; History of Korean Political Strife; Kankoku Seisōshi; factional conflict; factionalist-nature theory; factional politics; modernist historical narrative; colonialist historical narrative
- Shidehara Taira (1870-1953), as an educational administrator, was deeply involved in establishing education policies for colonial Korean and Taiwan. He planned the modern education system for colonial Korea around the installation period of the Government-General of Joseon, took a leading role to found Taiwan Imperial University and later served as the first president of the University. Also as a historian who published tens of written works on Korean history, he became well-known as the progenitor of the factionalist-nature theory who coined the term “factional conflict” (dangjaeng 黨爭), to describe the political history of Joseon Korea. Despite the series of criticism on the colonialist view of his book, History of Korean Political Strife (Kankoku Seisōshi 韓國政爭志), none of them have adequately analyzed it from the inside. The objective of this article is to analyze the research methodology and rationales of Shidehara’s History of Korean Political Strife, and shed a new light on the significance of the work in genealogical terms of historiographical perceptions and narratives of Joseon-period political strife through following tasks. First, the types of sources and how Shidehara made use of them will be examined. Second, a its features will be diachronically identified through a comparative analysis of Shidehara’s argument and logics with those of the traditional historiography of the Joseon period. Ultimately, such analyses are intended to provide a starting point to build up an alternative narrative of Joseon political history that will hopefully develop free of colonialist and modernist frames.