S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.85-88(2019)
송 사신단의 개경 游觀과 고려의 외교 공간 활용
A Study on Gaegyeong Tourism of Song Envoys and Goryeos Diplomatic Space Utilization
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.88, pp. 3-35
- 고려; 송; 개경; 관광; 유관; 안화사; 복원관; 약국; 숭산묘; 동신사; 보제사; 외교 공간; 기념비; 의례; 고려도경; Goryeo; Song; Gaegyeong; Tourism; Diplomatic Space; Monumentality; Ritual; Goryeodogyeong; Xuanhuafengshi Gaolitujing
- The diplomacy of Goryeo in the first half of the 12th century was the process of careful choices according to the international situation in East Asia. Goryeo had been leaving several diplomatic channels open while observing the complex international situation of East Asia. In particular, it was necessary to watch the change of the relationship between Jurchen and Song and set the diplomatic direction, while keeping the connection in amity with Song but not being invested.
The first year of Injong of Goryeo in which Seo Keung arrived in Goryeo as a member of Songs delegation was when the difference of diplomatic position between Goryeo and Song had been subtly reveled. The intention of Goryeo was clearly reflected that is the landscape of Gaegyoung that Goryeo wanted to show to Songs delegation. Goryeo restricted visitors access Suncheongwan and the delegations path, and allowed them to guide and tour the spaces within Gaegyeong.
Anhwasa temple slected by Goryeo was a place to commemorate the King Yejong of Goryeo and it was also a place where the results of diplomatic negotiations with Hwijong of Song during the King Yejong were arranged in places. By showing Anhwasa temple to Songs delegation, Goryeo could express that they value the diplomacy with Song. In order to emphasize the Taoism exchange, they also prepared a brief tour of the Bokwonkwan Palace for the delegation because they knew the situation of Song which had placed Taoism above Buddism. As they guided the monumental place of diplomacy with Song, it could have made a friendly bond with Goryeo.
The next places were Soongsanmyo, Dongshinsa, and Bojesa where the ritual cermonies held for Song delegation. Soongsanmyo was the place they could share the memories of war against the Kitan, and Bojesa was the place a monk from Song had been stayed and they could find the part of social and cultural exchange of two countries. Dongsinsa was the place that Seo Keung could find out Goryeos history and, at the same time, Goryeo could show their own culture different with Song. In other words, Soongsanmyo, Dongsinsa, and Bojesa were where Songs delegation could experience the Goryeos culture, and understand the cultural differences of two countries.
Seo Keungs view written in Goryeodokyung was basically a strangers but the spaces where he saw were selected and provided the frame of understand by Goryeo. Goryeo probably wanted to make them understand the cultural differences between two countries and to smooth the diplomatic negotiation with Song, while offering tours of main attractions to the delegation. The Gaegyeong tourists attractions for Songs delegation showed that Goryeo in the 12th century actively used the spaces in Gaegyeong for the diplomacy.