S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.69-72(2015)
음주문화를 통한 〈翰林別曲〉의 일고찰 : A study on the 〈Hanrim Byeolgok〉 through drinking culture in the Goryeo dynasty
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.69, pp. 3-37
- 음주문화 ; 〈한림별곡〉 ; 좌주문생연 ; 주령 ; 문자령 ; Drinking culture ; 飮酒文化 ; Hanrim Byeolgok ; 翰林別曲 ; feasts of mentors and mentees promotion examination system ; 座主門生宴 ; drinking rules ; 酒令 ; words characteristic in drinking custom ; 文字令
- In Tang dynasty, popular customs from the countries bordering on western China, Buddhism music and dances, and cultures from China are combined to develop luxurious drinking culture that centralized by courtesans. Also the combination of culture and customs makes drinking rules to be more with music and dancing. The Silla nobility accept the new drinking rules and apply them to their feasts. It can be proved with the 14-sided dice from Anapji Pond. Jwajumunsaengyeon(座主門生宴: the background of 〈Hanrim Byeolgok〉), is based on gwageo, the highest-level state examination during the Gwangjong era in Goryeo dynasty. It has various types such as Youngchinhoei(榮親會), Myungjokhoei(名簇會), Banghoei(榜會), Yongdoohoei(龍頭會), Poomjung(品呈), and so on. In those feasts, the civil official in Goryeo dynasty enjoyed the games with drinking rules using the themes of 〈Hanrim Byeolgok〉 and heightened the conviviality.
〈Hanrim Byeolgok〉 is produced by many people and has hierarchical characteristics like a troll. It belongs to words characteristic, one of drinking rules and borrows the way(Chaksaryeng: 著辭令) that fills in the names of related topics with prior consultation and consistently arranges them. However, it is thought that the arrangement of the subject seems to be changed consistently and the stories of drinking rules in the structure and historical stories of 〈Hanrim Byeolgok〉 are confirmed to follow the same arrangement. Therefore, it is possible to infer that 〈Hanrim Byeolgok〉 is completed with re-arrangement of subjects of various drinking games in Jwajumunsaengyeon in 250 years. But it is hard to find its identification in future generation due to the settlement of lyrics and severance of drinking rules. To conclude, 〈Hanrim Byeolgok〉 is the collection of various drinking game pieces in Jwajumunsaengyeon made by the Chaksaryeng way and the song with lyrics but it is difficult to call a drinking game itself.