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조선왕실의 가마[輦輿] 연구 : A Study of Joseon Dynasty`s Royal Palanquins

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Authors
제송희
Issue Date
2015-06
Publisher
서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
Citation
한국문화, Vol.70, pp. 259-298
Keywords
가마駕馬연여輦輿대련大輦소련小輦소여小輿남여藍輿가교駕轎덕응德應국조오례의의궤儀軌GamaYeon & YeoDaeyeonSoyeonSoyeoNamyeogagyoDeongGukjo-oryeui國朝五禮儀Uigwe
Abstract
This study aims to consider various types and artistic designs of royal palanquins used in the Joseon Dynasty. In the feudal society, royal palanquins stand for a kings sovereign power and his political authority. The Joseon Dynasty had the human-powered transporting system of Yeon & Yeo(a royal edict related to royal palanquins, 輦輿), which had been established during the reign of King Sejong. There were 6 types of royal palanquins: 3 types such as Daeyeon(a large palanquin, 大輦), Soyeon(a small palanquin, 小輦), and Soyeo(a small roofless sedan chair, 小輿) for a king, 2 types such as Daeyeon and Soyeon for a queen(the kings primary wife), and only one type of Yeon for a royal prince. Besides, You-ok-gyo(a roofed palanquin, 有屋轎) and Deong(the palanquin for the princess, 德應), which belong to lower-grade transporting vehicles than the Yeon, were used.
After the seventeenth century, the palanquin drawn by a horse, gagyo(駕轎), was newly introduced. Also, owing to its mobility and convenience, it was used in the formal ceremonies like the royal procession, the military inspection, and a reception for a foreign envoy from the reign of King Yeongjo and King Jeongjo.
ISSN
1226-8356
Language
Korean
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/168221
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Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원)Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.69-72(2015)
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