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Peacebuilding, Democratization, and Political Reconciliation in Cambodia

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Authors
Raimund Weiß
Issue Date
2020-05
Publisher
The Institute for Peace and Unification Studies, Seoul National University
Citation
Asian Journal of Peacebuilding, Vol.8 No.1, pp. 113-131
Keywords
Cambodiadual transitionpeacebuildingdemocratizationwar-to-democracy transition theory
Abstract
This research article explains why Cambodias dual transition of peacebuilding and democratization after the civil war led to peace but not democracy. The research finds that democratization often threatened peacebuilding in Cambodia. Particularly elections led to political instability, mass protests, and renewed violence, and thus also blocked reforms to democratize Cambodias government institutions.
By applying the war-to-democracy transition theory and theories of political reconciliation to Cambodias dual transition, the following research article finds that a lack of political reconciliation between Cambodias former civil war parties is the main reason why the dual transition failed. This article argues that peace-building and democratization are only complementary processes in post-civil war states when preceded by political reconciliation between the former civil war parties.
ISSN
2288-2693 (print)
2288-2707 (online)
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/168498
DOI
https://doi.org/10.18588/202005.00a069
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Researcher Institutes (연구소)Institute for Peace and Unification Studies (통일평화연구원)Asian Journal of PeacebuildingAsian Journal of Peacebuilding vol.08 no.01/02 (2020)
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