Regeneration of a full-thickness defect of rotator cuff tendon with freshly thawed umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells in a rat model

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Stem Cell Research & Therapy. 2020 Sep 07;11(1):387
Rotator cuffTendon regenerationMesenchymal stem cellsCryopreservation
It is difficult to immediately use mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for the patient with rotator cuff disease because isolation and culture time are required. Thus, the MSCs would be prepared in advanced in cryopreserved condition for an off-the-shelf usage in clinic. This study investigated the efficacy of freshly thawed MSCs on the regeneration of a full-thickness tendon defect (FTD) of rotator cuff tendon in a rat model.

We evaluated morphology, viability, and proliferation of cultured umbilical cord-derived MSCs (C-UC MSCs) and freshly thawed umbilical cord-derived MSCs (T-UC MSCs) at passage 10 in vitro. In animal experiments, we created a FTD in the supraspinatus of rats and injected the injured tendon with saline, cryopreserved agent (CPA; control), C-UC MSCs, and T-UC MSCs, respectively. Two and 4 weeks later, macroscopic, histological, biomechanical, and cell trafficking were evaluated. T test and ANOVA were used with SPSS. Differences with p < .05 were considered statistically significant.

T-UC MSCs had fibroblast-like morphology and showed greater than 97% viability and stable proliferation comparable to the C-UC MSCs at passage 10. In animal experiments, compared with the control group, the macroscopic appearance of the T-UC MSCs was more recovered at 2 and 4 weeks such as inflammation, defect size, neighboring tendon, swelling/redness, the connecting surrounding tissue and slidability. Histologically, the nuclear aspect ratio, orientation angle of fibroblasts, collagen organization, and fiber coherence were improved by 33.33%, 42.75%, 1.86-fold, and 1.99-fold at 4 weeks, and GAG-rich area decreased by 88.13% and 94.70% at 2 and 4 weeks respectively. Further, the T-UC MSCs showed enhanced ultimate failure load by 1.55- and 1.25-fold compared with the control group at both 2 and 4 weeks. All the improved values of T-UC MSCs were comparable to those of C-UC MSCs. Moreover, T-UC MSCs remained 8.77% at 4 weeks after injury, and there was no significant difference between C-UC MSCs and T-UC MSCs.

The morphology, viability, and proliferation of T-UC MSCs were comparable to those of C-UC MSCs. Treatment with T-UC MSCs could induce tendon regeneration of FTD at the macroscopic, histological, and biomechanical levels comparable to treatment with C-UC MSCs.
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_정형외과학전공)
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