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Influence of biodegradable polymer membrane on new bone formation and biodegradation of biphasic bone substitutes: an animal mandibular defect model study

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Authors
Ku, Jeong-Kui; Kim, Young-Kyun; Yun, Pil-Young
Issue Date
2020-10-15
Publisher
Springer Open
Citation
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 2020 Oct 15;42(1):34
Keywords
Beta-tricalcium phosphateBiphasic calcium phosphateBone regenerationHydroxyapatiteMembranePolycaprolactone
Abstract
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of biodegradable polycaprolactone membrane on new bone formation and the biodegradation of biphasic alloplastic bone substitutes using animal models.

Materials and methods
In this study, bony defect was formed at the canine mandible of 8 mm in diameter, and the defects were filled with Osteon II. The experimental groups were covered with Osteoguide as barrier membrane, and the control groups were closed without membrane coverage. The proportion of new bone and residual bone graft material was measured histologically and histomorphometrically at postoperative 4 and 8 weeks.


Results
At 4 weeks, the new bone proportion was similar between the groups. The proportion of remaining graft volume was 27.58 ± 6.26 and 20.01 ± 4.68% on control and experimental groups, respectively (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in new bone formation and the amount of residual bone graft material at 8 weeks.

Conclusion
The biopolymer membrane contributes to early biodegradation of biphasic bone substitutes in the jaw defect but it does not affect the bone formation capacity of the bone graft.
ISSN
2288-8586
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/171612
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s40902-020-00280-5
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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