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Improved Metagenomic Taxonomic Profiling Using a Curated Core Gene-Based Bacterial Database Reveals Unrecognized Species in the Genus Streptococcus

Cited 2 time in Web of Science Cited 2 time in Scopus
Authors
Chalita, Mauricio; Ha, Sung-min; Kim, Yeong Ouk; Oh, Hyun-Seok; Yoon, Seok-Hwan; Chun, Jongsik
Issue Date
2020-03
Citation
Pathogens, Vol.9 No.3, p. 204
Keywords
shotgun metagenomicstaxonomy predictionStreptococcusgenomospecies
Abstract
Shotgun metagenomics is of great importance in order to understand the composition of the microbial community associated with a sample and the potential impact it may exert on its host. For clinical metagenomics, one of the initial challenges is the accurate identification of a pathogen of interest and ability to single out that pathogen within a complex community of microorganisms. However, in absence of an accurate identification of those microorganisms, any kind of conclusion or diagnosis based on misidentification may lead to erroneous conclusions, especially when comparing distinct groups of individuals. When comparing a shotgun metagenomic sample against a reference genome sequence database, the classification itself is dependent on the contents of the database. Focusing on the genus Streptococcus, we built four synthetic metagenomic samples and demonstrated that shotgun taxonomic profiling using the bacterial core genes as the reference database performed better in both taxonomic profiling and relative abundance prediction than that based on the marker gene reference database included in MetaPhlAn2. Additionally, by classifying sputum samples of patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, we showed that adding genomes of genomospecies to a reference database offers higher taxonomic resolution for taxonomic profiling. Finally, we show how our genomospecies database is able to identify correctly a clinical stool sample from a patient with a streptococcal infection, proving that genomospecies provide better taxonomic coverage for metagenomic analyses.
ISSN
2076-0817
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/171733
DOI
https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9030204
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College of Natural Sciences (자연과학대학)Dept. of Biological Sciences (생명과학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_생명과학부)
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