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Structure of human DROSHA

Cited 153 time in Web of Science Cited 159 time in Scopus

Kwon, S. Chul; Tuan Anh Nguyen; Choi, Yeon-Gil; Jo, Myung Hyun; Hohng, Sungchul; Kim, V. Narry; Woo, Jae-Sung

Issue Date
Cell Press
Cell, Vol.164 No.1-2, pp.81-90
MicroRNA maturation is initiated by RNase III DROSHA that cleaves the stem loop of primary microRNA. DROSHA functions together with its cofactor DGCR8 in a heterotrimeric complex known as Microprocessor. Here, we report the X-ray structure of DROSHA in complex with the C-terminal helix of DGCR8. We find that DROSHA contains two DGCR8-binding sites, one on each RNase III domain (RIIID), which mediate the assembly of Microprocessor. The overall structure of DROSHA is surprisingly similar to that of Dicer despite no sequence homology apart from the C-terminal part, suggesting that DROSHA may have evolved from a Dicer homolog. DROSHA exhibits unique features, including non-canonical zinc-finger motifs, a long insertion in the first RIIID, and the kinked link between Connector helix and RIIID, which explains the 11-bp-measuring "ruler" activity of DROSHA. Our study implicates the evolutionary origin of DROSHA and elucidates the molecular basis of Microprocessor assembly and primary microRNA processing.
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  • College of Natural Sciences
  • School of Biological Sciences
Research Area Molecular Biology & Genetics


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