Environmental adaptation of the heterotrophic-to-autotrophic transition: the developmental plasticity of seedling establishment
- Ha, Jun-Ho; Han, Shin-Hee; Lee, Hyo-Jun; Park, Chung-Mo
- Issue Date
- Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, Vol.36 No.2, pp.128-137
- autotrophic transition; chlorophyll biosynthesis; light signaling; POR enzymes; stress response; thermal adaptation
- As self-nourishing autotrophs, plants can produce complex organic compounds from carbon dioxide and inorganic materials using light energy and thus are termed photoautotrophs. Developing seedlings achieve autotrophic growth as they acquire photosynthetic competence during seedling establishment. Various developmental programs tightly regulate the heterotrophic-to-autotrophic transition, which is also influenced by environmental conditions through complicated, interacting signaling pathways. Light provides the primary environmental cue that triggers the autotrophic transition, and the underlying molecular and physiological mechanisms are well understood. Other internal and external factors, such as nutrient and water availability, and temperature, contribute to fine-tuning the light-mediated induction of autotrophic transition, showing the plasticity of this process, which allows developing seedlings to adapt to varying environmental conditions. In this review, we summarize recent studies on the molecular events that occur during the autotrophic transition and its adaptation to environmental constraints. We also discuss future prospects and directions in the field.
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