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Exfoliation and Raman Spectroscopic Fingerprint of Few-Layer NiPS3 Van der Waals Crystals

Cited 203 time in Web of Science Cited 204 time in Scopus

Kuo, Cheng-Tai; Neumann, Michael; Balamurugan, Karuppannan; Park, Hyun Ju; Kang, Soonmin; Shiu, HungWei; Kang, Jin Hyoun; Hong, Byung Hee; Han, Moonsup; Noh, TaeWon; Park, Je-Geun

Issue Date
Nature Publishing Group
Scientific Reports, Vol.6, p. 20904
The range of mechanically cleavable Van der Waals crystals covers materials with diverse physical and chemical properties. However, very few of these materials exhibit magnetism or magnetic order, and thus the provision of cleavable magnetic compounds would supply invaluable building blocks for the design of heterostructures assembled from Van der Waals crystals. Here we report the first successful isolation of monolayer and few-layer samples of the compound nickel phosphorus trisulfide (NiPS3) by mechanical exfoliation. This material belongs to the class of transition metal phosphorus trisulfides (MPS3), several of which exhibit antiferromagnetic order at low temperature, and which have not been reported in the form of ultrathin sheets so far. We establish layer numbers by optical bright field microscopy and atomic force microscopy, and perform a detailed Raman spectroscopic characterization of bilayer and thicker NiPS3 flakes. Raman spectral features are strong functions of excitation wavelength and sample thickness, highlighting the important role of interlayer coupling. Furthermore, our observations provide a spectral fingerprint for distinct layer numbers, allowing us to establish a sensitive and convenient means for layer number determination.
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  • College of Natural Sciences
  • Department of Chemistry
Research Area Physics


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