S-Space College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학) Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_수의학과)
Recent advances in aerosol gene delivery systems using non-viral vectors for lung cancer therapy
- Lee, Ah Young; Cho, Myung-Haing; Kim, Sanghwa
- Issue Date
- Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery, Vol.16 No.7, pp.757-772
- Gene therapy; aerosol gene delivery; lung cancer; CRISPR; Cas9 system; targeted gene delivery
- Introduction: Lung cancer commonly occurs at a high incidence worldwide. Application of aerosol gene delivery systems using various kinds of vectors can improve the patient's quality of life by prolonging the survival rate. Areas covered: This review provides a recent update on aerosol gene delivery strategies using various kinds of vectors and gene-modification technologies. Peptide-mediated gene therapy achieves specific targeting of cells and highly improves efficacy. Promoter-operating expression and the CRISPR/Cas9 system are novel gene therapy strategies for effective lung cancer treatment. Furthermore, hybrid systems with a combination of vectors or drugs have been recently applied as new trends in gene therapy. Expert opinion: Although aerosol gene delivery has many advantages, physiological barriers in the lungs pose formidable challenges. Targeted gene delivery and gene-editing technology are promising strategies for lung cancer therapy. These strategies may allow the development of safety and high efficiency for clinical application. Recently, hybrid gene therapy combining novel and specific vectors has been developed as an advanced strategy. Although gene therapy for lung cancer is being actively researched, aerosol gene therapy strategies are currently lacking, and further studies on aerosol gene therapy are needed to treat lung cancer.
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