S-Space College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학) Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_수의학과)
The statistical analysis of the in vitro chromosome aberration assay using Chinese hamster ovary cells
- Kim, Byung Soo; Zhao, Bojuan; Kim, Hyun Jung; Cho, Myung-Haing
- Issue Date
- Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis, Vol.469 No.2, pp.243-252
- CHO cells; chromosome aberration; Cochran-Armitage trend test; Dunnett type test; Monte Carlo simulation; power comparison; software program
- The purpose of the in vitro chromosome aberration assay (ABS) is to determine whether the test compound is a clastogen, i.e. induces structural changes in chromosomes. Details of this assay can be found in Galloway et al. [S.M. Galloway, M. Aardema, M. Ishidate Jr, J.L. Ivett, D.J. Kirkland, M. Takeshi, P. Mosesso, T. Sofuni, Mutation Res. 312 (1994) 241-261]. The standard design consists of a negative control and at least three positive dose groups. At each dose, a sample, say 200, of metaphase cells is examined microscopically and cells exhibiting at least one type of chromosome aberration are identified. Using Chinese hamster ovary cells, Margolin et al. [B.H. Margolin, M.A. Resnick, J.Y. Rimpo, P. Archer, S.M. Galloway, A.D. Bloom, E. Zeiger, Environ. Mutagen. 8 (1986) 183-204] and Richardson et al. [C. Richardson, D.A. Williams, J.A. Alien, G. Amphlett, D.O. Chanter, B.. Phillips, Analysis of data from in vitro cytogenetic assays, in: D.J. Kirkland (Ed.), Statistical Evaluation of Mutagenicity Test Data, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1989, pp. 141-154] demonstrated that a binomial sampling model could be used to describe the proportion of cells with chromosome aberrations. Statisticians and toxicologists have also suggested evaluation criteria for the dose response pattern of ABS. Margolin et al. [B.H. Margolin, M.A. Resnick, J.Y, Rimpo, P. Archer, S.M. Galloway, A.D. Bloom, E. Zeiger, Environ. Mutagen. 8 (1986) 183-204] suggested one use the Cochran-Armitage trend test. Sofuni et al. [T. Sofuni, A. Matsuoka, M. Sawada, M. Ishidate Jr, E. Zeiger, M.D. Shelby, Mutation Res. 241 (1990) 175-213] considered the dose response to be (strong) positive if it had two significant doses out of three dose groups and decided it was weakly positive if it had only one significant dose and there was a significant trend. The criterion of Galloway et al. for a positive response was a clear dose-related increase in cells with structural aberrations in one experiment or a reproducible single positive dose [S.M. Galloway, M. Aardema, M. Ishidate Jr, J.L. Ivett, D.J. Kirkland, M. Takeshi, P. Mosesso, T. Sofuni, Mutation Res. 312 (1994) 241-261]. We formulate the above three procedures in terms of a Cochran-Armitage trend test and a Dunnett type test. We then compare the performance of these three procedures in terms of a Monte Carlo simulation study. We then develop a software program from the chosen procedure for its ease of use by statisticians and toxicologists. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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