S-Space College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학) Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_수의학과)
Aerosol Delivery of Small Hairpin Osteopontin Blocks Pulmonary Metastasis of Breast Cancer in Mice
- Yu, Kyeong-Nam; Minai-Tehrani, Arash; Chang, Seung-Hee; Hwang, Soon-Kyung; Hong, Seong-Ho; Kim, Ji-Eun; Shin, Ji-Young; Park, Sung-Jin; Kim, Ji-Hye; Kwon, Jung-Taek; Jiang, Hu-Lin; Kang, Bitna; Kim, Duyeol; Chae, Chan-Hee; Lee, Kee-Ho; Yoon, Tae-Jong; Beck, George R., Jr.; Cho, Myung-Haing
- Issue Date
- PLoS ONE, Vol.5 No.12, p. e15623
- Background: Metastasis to the lung may be the final step in the breast cancer-related morbidity. Conventional therapies such as chemotherapy and surgery are somewhat successful, however, metastasis-related breast cancer morbidity remains high. Thus, a novel approach to prevent breast tumor metastasis is needed. Methodology/Principal Finding: Aerosol of lentivirus-based small hairpin osteopontin was delivered into mice with breast cancer twice a week for 1 or 2 months using a nose-only inhalation system. The effects of small hairpin osteopontin on breast cancer metastasis to the lung were evaluated using near infrared imaging as well as diverse molecular techniques. Aerosol-delivered small hairpin osteopontin significantly decreased the expression level of osteopontin and altered the expression of several important metastasis-related proteins in our murine breast cancer model. Conclusion/Significance: Aerosol-delivered small hairpin osteopontin blocked breast cancer metastasis. Our results showed that noninvasive targeting of pulmonary osteopontin or other specific genes responsible for cancer metastasis could be used as an effective therapeutic regimen for the treatment of metastatic epithelial tumors.
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