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Curcumin suppresses oncogenicity of human colon cancer cells by covalently modifying the cysteine 67 residue of SIRT1

Cited 21 time in Web of Science Cited 22 time in Scopus
Authors
Lee, Yeon-Hwa; Song, Na-Young; Suh, Jinyoung; Kim, Do-Hee; Kim, Wonki; Ann, Jihyae; Lee, Jeewoo; Baek, Jeong-Heum; Na, Hye-Kyung; Surh, Young-Joon
Issue Date
2018-09
Citation
Cancer Letters, Vol.431, pp.219-229
Keywords
Colorectal cancerSIRT1CurcuminTetrahydrocurcuminThiol modification
Abstract
SIRT1, an NAD(+)-dependent histone/protein deacetylase, has diverse physiological actions. Recent studies have demonstrated that SIRT1 is overexpressed in colorectal cancer, suggesting its oncogenic potential. However, the molecular mechanisms by which overexpressed SIRT1 induces the progression of colorectal cancer and its inhibition remain largely unknown. Curcumin (diferuloymethane), a major component of the spice turmeric derived from the plant Curcuma longa L., has been reported to exert chemopreventive and anti-carcinogenic effects on colon carcinogenesis. In the present study, we found that curcumin reduced the expression of SIRT1 protein without influencing its mRNA expression in human colon cancer cells, suggesting posttranslational regulation of SIRT1 by this phytochemical. Notably, ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of SIRT1 were induced by curcumin treatment. Results of nano-LC-ESI-MS/MS revealed the direct binding of curcumin to cysteine 67 of SIRT1. In line with this result, the protein stability and clonogenicity of a mutant SIRT1 in which cysteine 67 was substituted by alanine were unaffected by curcumin. Taken together, these observations suggest that curcumin facilitates the proteasomal degradation of oncogenic SIRT1 through covalent modification of SIRT1 at the cysteine 67 residue.
ISSN
0304-3835
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/172572
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2018.05.036
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Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology (융합과학기술대학원)Dept. of Molecular and Biopharmaceutical Sciences (분자의학 및 바이오제약학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_분자의학 및 바이오제약학과)
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