S-Space Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology (융합과학기술대학원) Dept. of Molecular and Biopharmaceutical Sciences (분자의학 및 바이오제약학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_분자의학 및 바이오제약학과)
An Electrophilic Deguelin Analogue Inhibits STAT3 Signaling in H-Ras-Transformed Human Mammary Epithelial Cells: The Cysteine 259 Residue as a Potential Target
- Hong, Sung-Jun; Kim, Jin-Tae; Kim, Su-Jung; Cho, Nam-Chul; Kim, Kyeojin; Lee, Seungbeom; Suh, Young-Ger; Cho, Kyung-Cho; Kim, Kwang Pyo; Surh, Young-Joon
- Issue Date
- Biomedicines, Vol.8 No.10, p. 407
- Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a point of convergence for numerous oncogenic signals that are often constitutively activated in many cancerous or transformed cells and some stromal cells in the tumor microenvironment. Persistent STAT3 activation in malignant cells stimulates proliferation, survival, angiogenesis, invasion, and tumor-promoting inflammation. STAT3 undergoes activation through phosphorylation on tyrosine 705, which facilitates its dimerization. Dimeric STAT3 translocates to the nucleus, where it regulates the transcription of genes involved in cell proliferation, survival, etc. In the present study, a synthetic deguelin analogue SH48, discovered by virtual screening, inhibited the phosphorylation, nuclear translocation, and transcriptional activity of STAT3 in H-ras transformed human mammary epithelial MCF-10A cells (MCF10A-ras). We speculated that SH48 bearing an alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl group could interact with a thiol residue of STAT3, thereby inactivating this transcription factor. Non-electrophilic analogues of SH48 failed to inhibit STAT3 activation, lending support to the above supposition. By utilizing a biotinylated SH48, we were able to demonstrate the complex formation between SH48 and STAT3. SH48 treatment to MCF10A-ras cells induced autophagy, which was verified by staining with a fluorescent acidotropic probe, LysoTracker Red, as well as upregulating the expression of LC3II and p62. In conclusion, the electrophilic analogue of deguelin interacts with STAT3 and inhibits its activation in MCF10A-ras cells, which may account for its induction of autophagic death.