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15-Deoxy-Δ 12,14 -prostaglandin J 2 up-regulates the expression of 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase through DNA methyltransferase 1 inactivation

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Authors
Jang, Hye-Ok; Lee, Ha-Na; Woo, Jeong-Hwa; Lee, Ja-Young; Kim, Areumnuri; Lee, Jin Kyung; Kim, Do-Hee; Surh, Young-Joon; Na, Hye-Kyung
Issue Date
2019-03
Citation
Free Radical Research, Vol.53 No.3, pp.335-347
Keywords
15d-PGJ(2)15-PGDHbreast cancerDNMT1methylation
Abstract
15-Hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH) is the key enzyme that catalyses the conversion of prostaglandin E-2 to a keto metabolite. The expression of 15-PGDH is ubiquitously repressed in various human malignancies. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying down-regulation of 15-PGDH expression remain largely unknown. 15-Deoxy-o(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)), an endogenous ligand of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic activities. In the present study, we have found that 15d-PGJ(2) induces expression and catalytic activity of 15-PGDH in human breast cancer (MDA-MB-231) cells. 15d-PGJ(2) decreased the level of CpG methylation in the 15-PGDH promoter in MDA-MB-231 cells as determined by the bisulphite genome sequencing and methyl-specific PCR. 15d-PGJ(2) inhibited the catalytic activity of methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) but did not influence its expression. Biotinylated 15d-PGJ(2) directly interacted with DNMT1 and reduced its catalytic activity. Chromatin-immunoprecipitation analysis revealed that 15d-PGJ(2) significantly attenuated DNMT1 binding to the activator protein-1 transcription factor present in the 15-PGDH promoter region. A nonelectrophilic analogue 9,10-dihydro-15d-PGJ(2) failed to suppress the methylation of CpG islands present in 15-PGDH promoter and did not affect both DNMT1 activity and 15-PGDH expression. These findings suggest that the alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl group present in 15d-PGJ(2) is essential for its inactivation on DNMT1 and expression of 15-PGDH. In conclusion, 15d-PGJ(2) plays as a hypomethylating agent through direct interaction with DNMT1 and consequently suppresses DNMT1-mediated hypermethylation of 15-PGDH promoter, leading to up-regulation of 15-PGDH expression.
ISSN
1071-5762
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/172746
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1080/10715762.2019.1576867
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Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology (융합과학기술대학원)Dept. of Molecular and Biopharmaceutical Sciences (분자의학 및 바이오제약학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_분자의학 및 바이오제약학과)
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