S-Space Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology (융합과학기술대학원) Dept. of Molecular and Biopharmaceutical Sciences (분자의학 및 바이오제약학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_분자의학 및 바이오제약학과)
Essential role of mitochondrial permeability transition in vanilloid receptor 1-dependent cell death of sensory neurons
- Shin, Chan Young; Shin, Jieun; Kim, Byung-Moon; Wang, Myeong-Hyeon; Jang, Jung-Hee; Surh, Young-Joon; Oh, Uhtaek
- Issue Date
- Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences, Vol.24 No.1, pp.57-68
- Capsaicin causes pain by activating VR1, a cloned capsaicin receptor, in sensory neurons. After the initial excitatory responses, capsaicin produces prolonged analgesia, presumably because of the neurotoxic effect that leads to the death of sensory neurons. However, the mechanism underlying capsaicin-induced cell death of sensory neurons is not known. Here we report that capsaicin induces cell death in VR1-expressing sensory neurons and VR1-transfected human embryonic kidney cells. Cell death of sensory neurons induced by capsaicin is accompanied by DNA fragmentation, TUNEL staining, and shrinkage of the nucleus in a caspase-dependent manner, indicating the apoptotic nature of the cell death. Mitochondrial permeability transition is likely to be a major component of capsaicin-induced cell death because bonkrekic acid and cyclosporin A, inhibitors of mitochondrial permeability transition, block this cell death. These results imply that capsaicin induces mitochondrial dysfunction in VR1-expressing cells, leading to apoptotic cell death, which is a well-known neurotoxic effect of capsaicin. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.
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