S-Space Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology (융합과학기술대학원) Dept. of Molecular and Biopharmaceutical Sciences (분자의학 및 바이오제약학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_분자의학 및 바이오제약학과)
Protective effects of oligomers of grape seed polyphenols against β-amyloid-induced oxidative cell death
- Li, Mei‐Hua; Jang, Jung-Hee; Sun, Buxiang; Surh, Young‐Joon
- Issue Date
- Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol.1030, pp.317-329
- beta-amyloid; apoptosis; grape seed polyphenol; NF-kappa B; oligonol; PC12 cells; reactive oxygen species
- beta-Amyloid (A beta) is considered to be responsible for the formation of senile plaques that accumulate in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). There is compelling evidence supporting the notion that A beta-induced cytotoxicity is mediated through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Recently, considerable attention has been focused on a wide array of non-vitamin antioxidants present in edible plants that are able to scavenge ROS, thereby protecting against oxidative damage. In this study, we have investigated the possible protective effects of formulated polyphenol oligomers (Oligonol) derived from grape seed extracts on A beta-induced oxidative cell death. Rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells treated with A beta exhibited increased accumulation of intracellular ROS and underwent apoptosis, as determined by positive in situ terminal end labeling, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, and the cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase. Oligonal attenuated A beta-induced cytotoxicity, apoptotic features, intracellular ROS accumulation, and lipid peroxidation and increased the cellular glutathione pool. Moreover, A beta transiently induced the activation of nuclear factor kappa B in PC12 cells, which was suppressed by pretreatment with Oligonol.
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