S-Space Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology (융합과학기술대학원) Dept. of Molecular and Biopharmaceutical Sciences (분자의학 및 바이오제약학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_분자의학 및 바이오제약학과)
15-Deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 Induces Apoptosis in Ha-ras-transformed Human Breast Epithelial Cells by Targeting IκB kinase–NF-κB Signaling
- Na, Hye-Kyung; Yang, Hongkyung; Surh, Young-Joon
- Issue Date
- 대한암예방학회지, Vol.25 No.2, pp.100-110
- 15-Deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2); Apoptosis; Reactive oxygen species; IKK beta-NF-kappa B; MCF10A-ras cells
- 15-Deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)), an endogenous ligand for PPAR gamma, has differential effects on cancer cell proliferation and survival depending on the dose and the type of cells. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of 15d-PGJ(2) on apoptosis of the Ha-ras transformed human breast epithelial (MCF10A-ras) cells. When MCF10A-ras cells were treated with 15d-PGJ(2) (10 mu M) for 24 hours, they underwent apoptosis as evidenced by characteristic morphological features, an increased proportion of sub-G(0)/G(1) cell population, a typical pattern of annexin V/propidium iodide staining, perturbation of mitochondrial transmembrane potential (Delta psi(m)), and cleavage of caspase-3 and its substrate PARP. A pan-caspase inhibitor, Z-Val-Ala-Asp (OCH3)-fluoromethyl ketone attenuated cytotoxicity and proteolytic cleavage of caspase-3 induced by 15d-PGJ(2). The 15d-PGJ(2)-induced apoptosis was accompanied by enhanced intracellular accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which was abolished by the antioxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC). 15d-PGJ(2) inhibited the DNA binding activity of NF-kappa B which was associated with inhibition of expression and catalytic activity of IKB kinase beta (IKK beta). 15d-PGJ(2)-mediated inhibition of IKK beta and nuclear translocation of phospho-p65 was blocked by NAC treatment. 9,10-Dihydro-PGJ(2), a non-electrophilic analogue of 15d-PGJ(2), failed to produce ROS, to inhibit NF-kappa B DNA binding, and to induce apoptosis, suggesting that the electrophilic apunsaturated carbonyl group of 15d-PGJ(2) is essential for its pro-apoptotic activity. 15d-PGJ(2)-induced inactivation of IKK(i was also attributable to its covalent thiol modification at the cysteine 179 residue of IKK beta. Based on these findings, we propose that 15d-PGJ(2) inactivates IKK beta-NF-kappa B signaling through oxidative or covalent modification of IKK beta, thereby inducing apoptosis in Ha-ras transformed human breast epithelial cells.