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Baicalein Inhibits Dextran Sulfate Sodium-induced Mouse Colitis

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Authors
Zhong, Xiancai; Surh, Young-Joon; Do, Seon-Gil; Shin, Eunju; Shim, Kyu-Suk; Lee, Chong-Kil; Na, Hye-Kyung
Issue Date
2019-06
Citation
대한암예방학회지, Vol.24 No.2, pp.129-138
Keywords
BaicaleinColitisNF-kappa BCyclooxygenase-2Anti-inflammation
Abstract
Background: Baicalein is a bioactive flavone that is originally extracted from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. This plant has long served as Chinese herbal medicine in the management of multiple diseases including inflammatory bowel diseases. Although it has been revealed that baicalein inhibits experimental colitis in mice, the molecular mechanisms still remain largely unrecognized. Methods: The experimental colitis was induced in mice by 3% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in drinking water. The mice were given baicalein (10 or 25 mg/kg) by gavage for 7 days before and after DSS administration. Expression of COX-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and molecules involved in NF-kappa B signaling, such as inhibitor of kappa B alpha (I kappa B alpha), pI kappa B alpha, p65, and phospho-p65 was examined by Western blot analysis in the tissue of the mouse colon. Activity of I kappa B kinase beta (IKK beta) was assessed by measuring the relative amount of radioactive gamma-phosphate of ATP transferred to the I kappa B alpha substrate protein. The expression and phosphorylation of STAT3 and its target gene cyclin D1 were also measured. Results: Baicalein prominently mitigated the severity of DSS-induced colitis in mice. It inhibited the expression of COX-2 and iNOS. Moreover, baicalein attenuated activity and phosphorylation of IKK beta and subsequent degradation of I kappa B alpha. Baicalein suppressed the phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of p65, resulting in a reduced DNA binding activity of NF-kappa B. Baicalein also suppressed the phosphorylation of STAT3 and expression of cyclin D1. Baicalein exhibited the synergistic effect on inhibition of COX-2 induced by DSS with curcumin, an ingredient of turmeric. Conclusions: Protective effects of baicalein on DSS-induced colitis are associated with suppression of NF-kappa B and STAT3 signaling pathways, which may contribute to its cancer preventive effects on colon carcinogenesis.
ISSN
2288-3649
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/172930
DOI
https://doi.org/10.15430/JCP.2019.24.2.129
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Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology (융합과학기술대학원)Dept. of Molecular and Biopharmaceutical Sciences (분자의학 및 바이오제약학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_분자의학 및 바이오제약학과)
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