S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Internal Medicine (내과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
Weight loss at the first month of palliative chemotherapy predicts survival outcomes in patients with advanced gastric cancer
- Ock, Chan-Young; Oh, Do-Youn; Lee, Joongyub; Kim, Tae-Yong; Lee, Kyung-Hun; Han, Sae-Won; Im, Seock-Ah; Kim, Tae-You; Bang, Yung-Jue
- Issue Date
- Gastric Cancer, Vol.19 No.2, pp.597-606
- Weight loss during chemotherapy is a significant prognostic factor for poor survival in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). However, in most studies, weight loss was measured at the end of chemotherapy, limiting its clinical use. In this study, we evaluated whether weight loss during the first month of chemotherapy could predict survival outcomes in patients with AGC. We analyzed 719 patients with metastatic or recurrent AGC who were receiving palliative chemotherapy. We calculated the initial body mass index (BMIi), percent weight loss after 1 month of chemotherapy (Delta W (1)m), percent weight loss after last administration of chemotherapy (Delta W (end)), and average weight loss per month during chemotherapy (Delta W/m). We correlated these data with overall survival (OS) by receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves and Kaplan-Meier curves, and performed a subgroup analysis using Cox regression. The probabilities of longer OS had stronger correlations with Delta W/m and Delta W (1)m than with Delta W (end) or BMIi. A significant positive correlation between Delta W (1)m and Delta W/m (r (2) = 0.591, p < 0.001) was observed. Median OS of patients with Delta W (1)m more than 3 % was significantly shorter than in patients with less weight loss (OS: 9.7 vs. 16.3 months, p < 0.001). Subgroup analysis revealed that Delta W (1)m accompanied poor survival irrespective of other clinical characteristics. Weight loss at the very first month of palliative chemotherapy could predict unfavorable survival outcomes in AGC.
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