S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Internal Medicine (내과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
Signature of cytokines and angiogenic factors (CAFs) defines a clinically distinct subgroup of gastric cancer
- Ock, Chan-Young; Nam, Ah-Rong; Bang, Ju-Hee; Kim, Tae-Yong; Lee, Kyung-Hun; Han, Sae-Won; Im, Seock-Ah; Kim, Tae-You; Bang, Yung-Jue; Oh, Do-Youn
- Issue Date
- Gastric Cancer, Vol.20 No.1, pp.164-174
- Background Little is known about cytokine and angiogenic factors (CAFs) in gastric cancer (GC) in terms of tumor classification and prognostic value. Here, we aimed to correlate CAF signature with overall survival (OS) in GC. We measured pretreatment serum levels of 52 kinds of CAFs in 68 GC patients who were treated with fluoropyrimidine and platinum combination chemotherapy using multiplex bead immunoassays and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We evaluated correlations between CAF levels and pathological features and OS. Three distinct patient groups were identified: one with high levels of proangiogenic factors, another with high levels of proinflammatory factors, and the other with high levels of both factors. Eleven CAFs [interleukin (IL)-2 receptor-alpha, growth-regulated alpha protein, hepatocyte growth factor, macrophage colony-stimulating factor, stromal cell-derived factor, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, interferon-gamma, vascular endothelial growth factor, and osteopontin] were independently correlated with poor OS. Clustering analysis of these 11 CAFs revealed distinct high and low 11-CAF signature groups. High 11-CAF signature was associated with shorter OS (10.1 vs. 17.9 months, p = 0.026) along with poor performance status, and the presence of signet ring cell components in multivariate analysis of OS (HR 1.76, p = 0.029). The patients' traditional clinicopathological characteristics were not significantly different between the high and low 11-CAF signature groups. Serum CAF profiling differentiated GC patient groups. A high 11-CAF signature could identify GC patients with a poor prognosis when treated with standard chemotherapy who need urgent new treatment strategies.
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