S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Internal Medicine (내과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
Locoregional response and increased natural killer activity after intratumoral injection of HLA-B7/β2-microglobulin gene in patients with cancer
- Heo, Dae Seog; Yoon, Seong Jun; Kim, Won Seog; Lee, Ki Hyeong; Seol, Jae Goo; Lee, Sang Goo; Jung, Chul Won; Cho, Eun Kyung; Kim, Chul Woo; Park, Myoung Hee; Sung, Myung-Whun; Kim, Kwang Hyun; Bang, Yung-Jue; Kim, Noe Kyeong
- Issue Date
- Human Gene Therapy, Vol.9 No.14, pp.2031-2038
- The purpose of this study was to assess the therapeutic potential of injecting the gene for HLA-B7/beta(2)-microglobulin into the subcutaneous metastatic nodules of patients who are refractory to conventional treatments. The nine patients evaluated were divided into three groups and given escalating doses of DNA (20, 40, and 100 mu g of the HLA-B7 plasmid DNA/lipid complex for each group) every 2 weeks. Biopsy specimens from the treated tumor nodules of all nine patients were positive For the presence of DNA and for HLA-B7 mRNA expression. Moreover, in six of the nine patients, immunohistology of tumor biopsy samples revealed the expression of recombinant HLA-B7 protein. Also, all nine patients showed an increase in NK activity in their circulating peripheral blood lymphocytes. In two lung cancer patients, one partial and one mixed response was observed after gene transfer. These responses were confined to the treated nodules and the untreated locoregional lymph nodes; the lung masses showed no regression. Remission durations were 14 and 6 Reeks, respectively, and in a total of 35 cycles no significant toxicities were observed. Immunohistologic analysis revealed an increased infiltration of CD4(+) T cells, macrophages, and NK cells after therapy. In two responding cases, direct intratumoral injection of an allogeneic class I gene could elicit an antitumor response in locoregional areas, possibly through the activation of NK cells.
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