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TAK-264 (MLN0264) in previously treated Asian patients with advanced gastrointestinal carcinoma expressing guanylyl cyclase C: Results from an open-label, non-randomized phase 1 study

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Bang, Yung-Jue; Takano, Toshimi; Lin, Chia-Chi; Fasanmade, Adedigbo; Yang, Huyuan; Danaee, Hadi; Asato, Takayuki; Kalebic, Thea; Wang, Hui; Doi, Toshihiko

Issue Date
Cancer Research and Treatment, Vol.50 No.2, pp.398-404
Purpose This phase 1 dose-escalation portion of the study evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and antitumor activity of TAK-264 in Asian patients with advanced gastrointestinal (GI) carcinoma or metastatic or recurrent gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma expressing guanylyl cyclase C (GCC). Materials and Methods Adult patients with advanced GI malignancies expressing GCC (H-score >= 10) received TAK-264 on day 1 of 3-week cycles as 30-minute intravenous infusions for up to 1 year or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary objectives were to evaluate the safety profile including dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) during cycle 1, determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), and characterize the PK profile of TAK-264. Results Twelve patients were enrolled and treated with 1.2 mg/kg (n=3), 1.5 mg/kg (n=3), or 1.8 mg/kg TAK-264 (n=6). Median number of treatment cycles received was two (range, 1 to 10). None of the patients experienced a DLT and the MTD was not determined. Ten patients (83%) experienced adverse events (AEs). The most common were neutropenia, anorexia, and nausea (each reported by four patients). Five patients (42%) experienced grade. 3 AEs consisting of tumor hemorrhage and hypertension, ascites, adrenal insufficiency, neutropenia and asthenia. Serum exposure to TAK-264 increased proportionally with the dose and the median half-life was approximately 5.5-6.6 days. No patients experienced an objective response. Conclusion TAK-264 demonstrated a manageable safety profile with limited antitumor activity consistent with studies conducted in Western patients with advanced GI malignancies. TAK-264 exposure increased proportionally with the dose.
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  • Department of Medicine
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