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Jab1 silencing inhibits proliferation and sensitizes to cisplatin in biliary tract cancer

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Authors
Nam, Ah-Rong; Kim, Ji-Won; Park, Ji Eun; Bang, Ju-Hee; Jin, Mei Hua; Oh, Do-Youn; Bang, Yung-Jue
Issue Date
2019-07
Citation
Cancer Research and Treatment, Vol.51 No.3, pp.886-900
Keywords
Jab1Biliary tract neoplasmsProliferationTherapeutic targetCisplatin
Abstract
Purpose Jab1 is a coactivator of c-Jun that enhances the transcriptional function of c-Jun. Jab1 is frequently overexpressed in various cancers and is associated with poor prognosis of cancer patients. Thus, Jab1 could be a potential therapeutic target in cancer. However, the role of Jab1 in biliary tract cancer (BTC) has not been studied. Materials and Methods We performed in vitro and in vivo experiments to evaluate the therapeutic potential of Jab1 inhibition in BTC. Results Among 8 BTC cell lines, many showed higher Jab1 expression levels. In addition, Jab1 silencing by siRNA increased p27 expression levels. SNU478 and HuCCT-1 cells exhibited profound Jab1 knockdown and increased p27 expression by Jab1-specific siRNA transfection. Jab1 silencing induced anti-proliferative and anti-migratory effects and resulted in G1 cell cycle arrest in SNU478 and HuCCT-1 cells. In addition, Jab1 silencing potentiated the anti-proliferative and anti-migratory effects of cisplatin by increasing DNA damage. Interestingly, Jab1 knockdown increased PTEN protein half-life, resulting in increased PTEN expression. In the HuCCT-1 mouse xenograft model, stable knockdown of Jab1 by shRNA also showed anti-proliferative effects in vivo, with decreased Ki-67 expression and AKT phosphorylation and increased Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling and p27 expression. Conclusion Jab1 knockdown demonstrated anti-proliferative and anti-migratory effects in BTC cells by increasing DNA damage and stabilizing PTEN, resulting in G1 cell cycle arrest. In addition, Jab1 silencing potentiated the anti-proliferative effects of cisplatin. Our data suggest that Jab1 may be a potential therapeutic target in BTC that is worthy of further investigations.
ISSN
1598-2998
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/173180
DOI
https://doi.org/10.4143/crt.2018.375
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Internal Medicine (내과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
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