S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Internal Medicine (내과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
Adjuvant chemotherapy: An option for asian patients only?
- Bang, Yung-Jue
- Issue Date
- Recent Results in Cancer Research, Vol.196, pp.291-305
- Survival rates following curative resection for gastric cancer are higher in East Asia than in Europe and the US. The aggressive surgical approach adopted in East Asia may explain these observations. In Japan and Korea, gastrectomy with extended lymphadenectomy (D2 gastrectomy) has been standard of care for many years, whereas gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy of the perigastric lymph nodes (D1 surgery) has been favored in Europe and the US until recently. D2 surgery is now recommended globally based on the 15-year findings from the large Dutch D1D2 study, which showed a reduction in cancer-related deaths with D2 versus D1 surgery. Improved outcomes are now being reported in the US and Europe as D2 surgery becomes more widely used. In addition to surgery, systemic therapy is also required to control recurrences, although the preferred regimen differs by region. Given that some of the studies on which these preferences are based predate the widespread acceptance of D2 surgery, the optimal regimen should be considered carefully. Recent studies from East Asia support the use of adjuvant chemotherapy after D2 surgery. Adjuvant chemotherapy should also be considered a valid approach in other regions now that the benefits of D2 surgery have been demonstrated unequivocally. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
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