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Knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) toward COVID-19: a cross-sectional study in South Korea

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Authors
Lee, Minjung; Kang, Bee-Ah; You, Myoungsoon
Issue Date
2021-02-05
Publisher
BMC
Citation
BMC Public Health. 2021 Feb 05;21(1):295
Keywords
COVID-19KnowledgeAttitudePracticeSurveySouth KoreaPublic health
Abstract
Background
The public must routinely practice precautionary behaviors to control the spread of COVID-19, as no vaccines and antiviral treatments are currently available. This paper examines the publics knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) related to COVID-19 and their relationships and identified the pandemics vulnerable populations to provide recommendations for behavioral interventions and policies.

Methods
Data collection took place over 3 days (June 26–29) via an online survey 5 months after the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) confirmed the first COVID case in South Korea; 970 subjects were included in the statistical data analysis.

Results
Knowledge directly affected both attitudes (e.g., perceived risk and efficacy belief) and practices (e.g., personal hygiene practices and social distancing). Among the influencing factors of COVID-19 preventive behaviors, efficacy belief was the most influential and significant practice factor. It mediated the relationship between knowledge and all three preventive behaviors (wearing facial masks, practicing hand hygiene, and avoiding crowded places). The level of knowledge varied by sociodemographic characteristics. Females (β = 0.06, p <  0.05) and individuals with higher levels of education (β = 0.06, p <  0.05) demonstrated higher levels of knowledge.

Conclusion
To increase precautionary behaviors among the public, health officials and policymakers must promote knowledge and efficacy belief. Future interventions and policies should also be developed in a person-centered approach, targeting vulnerable subgroups, embracing them, and closing the gap of KAP toward COVID-19.
ISSN
1471-2458
Language
English
URI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-10285-y

https://hdl.handle.net/10371/173920
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Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원)Dept. of Public Health (보건학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_보건학과)
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