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Evaluating the Legacy of State-building in Timor-Leste

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Authors
Joanne Wallis; Guteriano Neves
Issue Date
2021-05
Publisher
The Institute for Peace and Unification Studies, Seoul National University
Citation
Asian Journal of Peacebuilding, Vol.9 No.1, pp. 19-40
Keywords
Timor-Lestestate-buildingeconomic developmentdecentralizationclientelism
Abstract
With the benefit of almost 20 years of hindsight, in this article we evaluate the legacy of state-building in Timor-Leste. We find that much of the academic critique of the state-building mission has proven to be largely accurate: political and economic development has indeed been challenged by the legacy of key decisions made during the early state-building process. First, the focus on centralised state institutions has led to the underdevelopment of administrative, political, and economic decentraliza tion. Second, the partisan nature of the constitution-making process has facilitated the continued concentration of political and economic power in the hands of certain elites. Third, the ambiguous—and at times conflictual—division of powers between state institutions has facilitated the emergence of political clientelism and undermined broad-based economic diversification and development.
ISSN
2288-2693 (print)
2288-2707 (online)
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/174592
DOI
https://doi.org/10.18588/202105.00a171
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Researcher Institutes (연구소)Institute for Peace and Unification Studies (통일평화연구원)Asian Journal of PeacebuildingAsian Journal of Peacebuilding vol.09 no.01-02 (2021)
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