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Why Does Timor-Leste Remain Fragile? A Resource Dependence Explanation

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Authors
Takeshi Daimon-Sato
Issue Date
2021-05
Publisher
The Institute for Peace and Unification Studies, Seoul National University
Citation
Asian Journal of Peacebuilding, Vol.9 No.1, pp. 91-110
Keywords
state fragility index (SFI)Timor-LesteIndonesiaofficial development assistance (ODA)peacebuildingstate-building
Abstract
This article focuses on the concept of fragility, which gained prominence in literature on conflict-driven countries and serves as an analytical tool for policy analysis. Using this concept, this article provides a review of Timor-Leste since its independence in 2002. The country has achieved high economic growth, though the economy has remained fragile in terms of its high dependence on external factors, namely oil revenues. This study suggests that foreign aid and investments do not automatically improve fragility in resource-dependent economies unless they help diversify the monoculture economy, based upon democratic consensus-building among stakeholders.
ISSN
2288-2693 (print)
2288-2707 (online)
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/174595
DOI
https://doi.org/10.18588/202105.00a178
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Researcher Institutes (연구소)Institute for Peace and Unification Studies (통일평화연구원)Asian Journal of PeacebuildingAsian Journal of Peacebuilding vol.09 no.01-02 (2021)
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