S-Space Researcher Institutes (연구소, 연구원) Institute for Peace and Unification Studies (통일평화연구원) Asian Journal of Peacebuilding (AJP) Asian Journal of Peacebuilding vol.09 no.01-02 (2021)
Vernacular Human Security and Moris Diak in Timor-Leste: A Social Contract between the Living and Spirit Actants
- Bronwyn Winch
- Issue Date
- Asian Journal of Peacebuilding, Vol.9 No.1, pp. 183-207
- The concept of human security argues that the improvement of peoples wellbeing and livelihoods is a vital component in the stability of the state. What happens, however, when the state is not viewed as the only (if at all) source of influence on peoples everyday security? This article argues for a particular vernacular of human security that recognizes a social contract between the living with spirit actants, in ways that can often compete with or challenge state-building efforts. In Timor-Leste, ancestral spirits (matebian sira) can directly intervene in the physical safety of their living descendants, and livelihoods (in terms of food security) often depends on engagement between the living and their ancestors as well as nature spirits (rai-nainsira).
- 2288-2693 (print)