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Instructional changes instigated by university faculty during the COVID-19 pandemic: the effect of individual, course and institutional factors

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Issue Date
2021-09-21
Publisher
Springer Open
Citation
International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education. 2021 Sep 21;18(1):52
Keywords
COVID-19 pandemicEcological systemsEmergency online teachingFaculty innovativenessInstructional changeTechnology adoptionUniversity educators
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate instructional changes made by faculty for emergency online teaching necessitated by the COVID-19 pandemic, and hence to explore key factors related to those changes from an ecological systems perspective. Data on various individual, course, and institutional factors and instructional change variables were collected from 201 educators at higher education institutions. Results revealed that the level of instructional changes made by faculty was on average between substituting their existing course for an online one with some functional improvement (augmentation-level 3) and critical course redesign (modification-level 4), but that educators did not reach the level of the creation of new tasks which were previously inconceivable (redefinition-level 5). The biggest instructional change was found to be in teaching behaviors, followed by technology use, with only small changes in beliefs about online teaching. Factors that most highly correlated with instructional change were individual educators technology acceptance and innovation propensity, media synchronicity of the course, and the fidelity of institutional support. Recommendations are provided to aid strategic coping by universities facing a major crisis, with insights that may ultimately improve the quality of higher education in non-crisis contexts.
ISSN
2365-9440
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/176916
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s41239-021-00286-7
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