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Homologous repair deficiency score for identifying breast cancers with defective DNA damage response

Cited 23 time in Web of Science Cited 23 time in Scopus

Min, Ahrum; Kim, Kwangsoo; Jeong, Kyeonghun; Choi, Seongmin; Kim, Seongyeong; Suh, Koung Jin; Lee, Kyung-Hun; Kim, Sun; Im, Seock-Ah

Issue Date
Nature Publishing Group
Scientific Reports, Vol.10 No.1, p. 12506
Breast cancer (BC) in patients with germline mutations of BRCA1/BRCA2 are associated with benefit from drugs targeting DNA damage response (DDR), but they account for only 5-7% of overall breast cancer. To define the characteristics of these tumors and also to identify tumors without BRCA mutation but with homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) is clinically relevant. To define characteristic features of HRD tumors and analyze the correlations between BRCA1/BRCA2 and BC subtypes, we analyzed 981 breast tumors from the TCGA database using the signature analyzer. The BRCA signature was strongly associated with the HRD score top 10% (score >= 57) population. This population showed a high level of mutations in DDR genes, including BRCA1/BRCA2. HRD tumors were associated with high expression levels of BARD1 and BRIP1. Besides, BRCA1/2 mutations were dominantly observed in basal and luminal subtypes, respectively. A comparison of HRD features in BC revealed that BRCA1 exerts a stronger influence inducing HRD features than BRCA2 does. It reveals genetic differences between BRCA1 and BRCA2 and provides a basis for the identification of HRD and other BRCA-associated tumors.
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  • College of Medicine
  • Department of Medicine
Research Area Clinical Medicine


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