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Booster BNT162b2 COVID-19 Vaccination Increases Neutralizing Antibody Titers Against the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron Variant in Both Young and Elderly Adults

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Issue Date
2022-03
Publisher
대한의학회
Citation
Journal of Korean Medical Science, Vol.37 No.9, p. e70
Abstract
Concerns about the effectiveness of current vaccines against the rapidly spreading severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 omicron (B.1.1.529) variant are increasing. This study aimed to assess neutralizing antibody activity against the wild-type (BetaCoV/Korea/ KCDC03/2020), delta, and omicron variants after full primary and booster vaccinations with BNT162b2. A plaque reduction neutralization test was employed to determine 50% neutralizing dilution (ND50) titers in serum samples. ND50 titers against the omicron variant (median [interquartile range], 5.3 [< 5.0-12.7]) after full primary vaccination were lower than those against the wild-type (144.8 [44.7-294.0]) and delta (24.3 [14.3-81.1]) variants. Furthermore, 19/30 participants (63.3%) displayed lower ND50 titers than the detection threshold (< 10.0) against omicron after full primary vaccination. However, the booster vaccine significantly increased ND50 titers against BetaCoV/Korea/KCDC03/2020, delta, and omicron, although titers against omicron remained lower than those against the other variants (P < 0.001). Our study suggests that booster vaccination with BNT162b2 significantly increases humoral immunity against the omicron variant.
ISSN
1011-8934
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/177981
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Medicine (의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_의학과)
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